SELF DEFENSE MECHANISM IN ROBERT FROST S FIRE AND ICE, STOPPING BY WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING AND THE ROAD NOT TAKEN POEM

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1 SELF DEFENSE MECHANISM IN ROBERT FROST S FIRE AND ICE, STOPPING BY WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING AND THE ROAD NOT TAKEN POEM DWI ANGGA DEWANTORO NIM: ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURABAYA JULY 2014

2 SELF DEFENSE MECHANISM IN ROBERT FROST S FIRE AND ICE, STOPPING BY WOODS ON A SNOWY EVENING AND THE ROAD NOT TAKEN POEM SKRIPSI Diajukan Untuk Memenuhi Salah Satu Syarat Memperoleh Gelar SARJANA PENDIDIKAN DWI ANGGA DEWANTORO PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BAHASA INGGRIS FAKULTAS KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA 2014 ii

3 PERSETUJUAN PEMBIMBING Skripsi yang ditulis oleh Dwi Angga Dewantoro ini telah disetujui pada tanggal 24 Mei 2014 untuk diujikan tanggal 14 Juli Dra. Mas ulah, MA (.) 2. Ari Setyorini, S.S, MA (...) Mengetahui: Ketua Program Studi LEMBAR PENGESAHAN Linda Mayasari, S. Pd, M. Pd. iii

4 LEMBAR PENGESAHAN Skripsi ini telah diuji dan dinyatakan sah oleh Panitia Ujian Tingkat Sarjana (S-1) Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya sebagai salah satu syarat memperoleh gelar SARJANA PENDIDIKAN, Pada tanggal 14 Juli 2014 Dosen Penguji: Tanda Tangan 1. Ari Setyorini, S.S, MA (.) 2. Armeria Wijaya, S.S, M.Pd (.) 3. Pramudana Ihsan, S.Hum, M.Pd (.) Mengetahui: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya Dekan, Dr. M. Ridwan, M. Pd iv

5 PERNYATAAN KEASLIAN TULISAN Saya yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini: Nama : Dwi Angga Dewantoro NIM : Jurusan/ Program Studi Fakultas : Bahasa Inggris : Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Menyatakan dengan sebenarnya bahwa skripsi (tugas akhir) yang saya tulis ini benar-benar merupakan hasil karya sendiri, bukan merupakan pengambilalihan, tulisan atau pikiran orang lain yang saya akui sebagai hasil tulisan atau pikiran saya sendiri. Apabila dikemudian hari terbukti atau dapat dibuktikan bahwa skripsi ini hasil jiplakan, maka saya bersedia menerima sanksi atas perbuatan tersebut sesuai peraturan yang berlaku. Surabaya, 12 Juli 2014 Yang membuat pernyataan, Dwi Angga Dewantoro v

6 MOTTO Indeed, Allah SWT won t change a circumstance of people, before the people change what is in theirselves: Endeavor, Patience and Pray. vi

7 DEDICATION This thesis is dedicated to: 1. My Parents, Mr. Suprianto and Mrs. Asmiati, as father and mother of mine. 2. My Brother, Eka Septianto. 3. My Close friends, Didik Amsa, Rifki Pratama Nungkar Rifandi and Eko Mardianto. 4. All My Big Family. vii

8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Bismillahirrahmanirrahiim, In the name of ALLAH SWT The almighty. Firstly, No other words that I can say except, I thank to god ALLAH SWT who always blesses me for finishing this thesis entitled Self Defense Mechanism in Robert Frost Fire and Ice, Stopping by Woods on A Snowy Evening and The Road Not Taken Poem. I do realize that this thesis will not finish and complete without the guidance from my friends who gives me spirit, motivation and suggestion. I would like to say thank you so much to: 1. Dr. M. Ridwan, M.Pd as the Dean of college the Teacher Training and Education, University of Muhammadiyah Surabaya. 2. Linda Mayasari, S.Pd, M.Pd as the Chair Person of English Education Program. Dra. Mas Masulah, MA 3. Dra. Mas Masulah, MA and Drs. Ari Setyorini, S.S, M.A as the First and Second Advisors, who have given their time and useful corrections and suggestions in writing this thesis. 4. All lecturers of UM Surabaya especially lecturers of English Department who gave me the worthy knowledge. 5. My beloved parents. Thank you very much for love, affection, care, support, motivation, and pray. 6. My beloved friends, thank you for giving pray and love. Finally, I do expect that it will be useful not only for me but also for the readers. Any critics and suggestions from the readers for the improvement of this thesis will be fully appreciated. Surabaya, 12 July 2014 The researcher viii Dwi Angga Dewantoro

9 NIM TABLE OF CONTENTS COVER ii AGREEMENT OFADVISOR...iii VALIDATION...iv STATEMENT OF AUTHENTICITY.....v MOTTO...vi DEDICATION... vii ABSTRACT...viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT....ix TABLE OF CONTENTS...x CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The Background of the Study Statements of the Problem Objectives of the Study Significance of the Study Scope and Limitation of Study Definition of Key Terms The Organization of the Study... 6 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE Literature Poetry...8 ix

10 2.3 Psychoanalysis Defense mechanism Types of Defense Mechanism Repression Sublimation Projection Displacement Rationalization Reaction Formation Regression Fantasy Denial Review of the Previous Study..18 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The Nature of the Research Sources of the Data Data Collection The Steps of the Data Analysis Data Analysis Method..22 CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS The Type of Defense Mechanism of Robert Frost that Reflected in a Poem entitled Fire and Ice Expression of Fire and Ice.. 24 x

11 Tone Meaning Defense mechanism of Fire and Ice Repression Rationalization The Type of Defense Mechanism of Robert Frost that Reflected in a Poem entitled Stopping by woods on a snowy evening Expression of Stopping by woods on a snowy evening Tone Meaning Defense mechanism of Stopping by woods on a snowy evening Repression Regression Projection Denial The Type of Defense Mechanism of Robert Frost that Reflected in a Poem entitled The Road Not Taken Expression of the road not taken Tone Meaning Defense mechanism of the road not taken Repression Denial xi

12 Rationalization CHAPTER V CONCLUSIONS Conclusion Suggestion 45 BIBLIOGRAPHY.47 APPENDIX...49 xii

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14 Liz Bondi (2007) Psychoanalytic theory, online papers archived by the Institute of Geography, School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh. Mertens, Donna. M Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. USA: SAGE Publications. Mill, John. Stuart What is Poetry. London: College University. Minderop, Albertine Psikologi Sastra Karya Sastra Metode, Teori, dan Contoh Kasus. Jakarta: Pustaka Obor. Shamoo, A.E and Resnik, B.R Responsible Conduct of Research, Iranian journal of management studies Vol.3 No 3, pp. January Oxford University Press. Spencer Liz, et al Quality in Qualitative Evaluation: A Framework for Assessing Research Evidence. London: Cabinet Office. Thomas, Dylan Literature Component For Form 1&4 Poetry. Malaysia: Curriculum Development Division. Turner Marshall Delia Element of poetry. (online). Retrieved from (Accessed on June 22, 2014). Weinstein, L. Arnold Understanding Literature and Life: Drama. Tennesse: The Teaching Company Wright, Elizabeth Psychoanalytic Criticism: Theory in Practice. Methuen: London Encyclopedia of Literature and Criticism. 2